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From such origins, there rose in Egypt great physicians, surgeons, and specialists, who acknowledged an ethical code that passed down into the famous Hippocratic oath. A disease is viewed as harmonizing healing crisis of the body. It is dated 700 B.C. In the Yoruba system, the seven Orisha’s have many counterparts, or partners that bring about various qualities or spiritual forces. (1) a new one costs the equivalent of 10 old ones (2) Marias opens the piece by talking about how some phrases just don't have a similar equivalent in other languages. The Yoruba for garlic is galiki. Each Orisha is characterized by certain attributes and is in charge of specific organ functions. It is considered to be the Protector/Warrior, and possesses the ability to transform base substance into that which is pure and valuable. It is the goal of man to align his earthly consciousness with Ori (the physical and spiritual head) in order to connect with his divinity. He first emerged from the primeval waters of Idun in the form of a primeval Hill. Namely, Ayurvedic, North American Indian herbology, Western, and Chinese herbology. The Integration of Yoruba medicine into Planetary Herbology. Because the Osain system have many Orisha which serve different purposes, we will only focus on Erinle-Orisha, the Orisha of medicine. While Atum joins himself to Ptah and acts as Demiurge and executes the work of creation. Language Ways to say garlic; Afrikaans: knoffel Edit: Amharic: ነጭ ሽንኩርት Edit: Chichewa: adyo Edit: Hausa: tafarnuwa Edit: Igbo: galiki Edit: Kinyarwanda: tungurusumu Edit: Sesotho: konofole Edit: Shona: gariki Edit: Somali: toon Edit: Swahili: vitunguu Edit: Xhosa: igalikhi Edit: Yoruba… Of the thousands of medical papyri originally written, less then a dozen have been discovered, and of that number, the Ebers Papyrus and the Edwin Smith Papyrus are deemed the most profound. The Yorubic healer who cures the person of the symptoms has to dissipate the negative energies. ", Nicholas Schnell, Clinical Herbalist (2002 East West School Graduate), "I really enjoyed these last lessons the most of all in the course. In the Americas and the Caribbeans, Osain based practitioners are also directed to use herbs as medicine. More specifically, the Oloogun priest will search for cemetery plants growing in brownish-rusty areas which is believed that Oya Orisha hides its spiritual powers. The ewe(herbs) are also classified and used in order to enhance one’s Ashe. Uses : Cloves are increasingly now added to traditional soups and stews for their aromatic properties. It was also believed that each element possessed certain qualities: hot, dry, wet, and cold. It is comprehensive and includes Chinese, Ayurvedic and western herbs and principles. The spiritual bath is given along with prayers and incantations especially designed to help ward off the negative spirits. Saying swan in European Languages Find words and translations with garlic in Nigerian Languages - Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin, Yoruba, English| Nigerian Dictionary Allium sativum -Garlic – Ayu in yoruba. Patches of depigmented skin, now referred to as vitiligo, were cosmetically undesirable. This time period is known as the Bronze Age, a time of high civilization of both of these groups. Traditional Chinese Medicine places primary emphasis on the balance of qi, or vital energy. Yoruba Medicine – History The medical traditions of the Yoruba people of western Nigeria developed within a culture that deeply respects and venerates ancestors.The orishas, or gods of the Yoruba, were former ancestors such as Oduduwa, the legendary ancestor of all Yoruba people, and his son Ogun. However, as the patient’s state of consciousness asserts itself, they will again violate the same natural law and eventually have another opportunity to receive motivation in the form of a new ailment to learn what they are doing wrong. The Chinese thought Westerners barbarians and made no attempt to learn from them until recent. It is associated with the color red. They believe that the body is composed of seven Orishas which exist in focal points of the body. Capsicum frutescens – Tabasco pepper – Ata-wewe. The Yoruba history begins with the migration of an East African population across the trans-African route leading from the mid-Nile river area to the mid-Niger.1 Archaeologists, according to M. Omoleya, inform us that the Nigerian region was inhabited more than forty thousand years ago, or as far back as 65,000 B.C.2 During this period, the Nok culture occupied the region. This myth about African medicine creeped in over centuries of misunderstandings. In order to understand the system of Yoruba medicine, it is important to have some knowledge of the historical conditions that gave birth to this African art of healing. This papyrus is also of great importance because of its use of the word “brain” and references to the neurological relationship between the brain (spinal cord and nervous system) and the body. This “voo doo” mentality is devoid of the sacred realities born of African thought in respect to religion, philosophy, and medicine. Find names, words, proverbs, jokes, slangs in Nigerian languages, and their meaning. (2) A male with young in the nest will avidly take care of a stalk of celery or a head of lettuce daily. The Memphite Theology is an inscription on a stone, now kept in the British Museum. and bear the name of an Egyptian Pharaoh who stated that he had copied an inscription of his ancestors. (The Yoruba’s were obviously inspired with the seven Orishas by the ancient Eygptian’s concept of the seven openings in the head.). The erythema subsided, leaving hyperpigmentation in the previously depigmented areas.”5. sympathetic nervous system, para sympathetic nervous system, circulatory system, digestive organs, elimination system, pubic area (female), heart, kidney (adrenal glands), tendons, and sinews, reproductive system (male), bone marrow, life force or chi, lungs, bronchial passages, mucous membranes. They are all earthly and heavenly forces whose destructive intent is to off-set the human body. Every ancient culture taught the “sacred four”. By the time the Yoruba people made their journey to the Nile Valley, led by the mystic prophet Orunmila, Egyptian priests had accumulated centuries of herbal and medical knowledge. he is the liberator. ", Aviva Romm, MD (1992 East West School Graduate), "The direct clinical work gave me the experience of working with clients in a more formal manner and an effective mechanism for providing follow up care. The orishas, or gods of the Yoruba, were former ancestors such as Oduduwa, the legendary ancestor of all Yoruba … It is no exaggeration to say that this work would not have been possible without the pioneering work of Dr. Michael Tierra. Along side the incantations that were used, the sick patient was given a foul tasting concoction to help ward off the demon housed in the body. Diodorus Siculus, the historian tells us: “In order to prevent sicknesses they look after the health of their body by means of drenches, fastings and emetics, sometimes everyday, and sometimes at intervals of three or four days. It is said that ewe (herbs) are for the “healing of Nations” and many health food stores provide them in powder, leaf, and capsule form. The Orisha, which are the angelic forces of Yoruba context: Elegba, Obatala, Oshun, Ogun, Yemoja, Shango, Oya, and others too numerous to mention. There are three major dialects with considerable variation among them (Ethnologue). After comparing the Yoruba system of direction with the “four directions of herbs” classified in the North American Indian medicine wheel, I discovered striking similarities. Many of the herbs users in Osain are specifically selected to effect a particular Orisha in the body, including the energies and therapeutic properties inherent in the nature of the herb. The Ebers Papyrus (ca. There are more than 90 anatomical terms referenced in the Edwin Smith Papyrus, and there are more than 200 terms listed in various Nile Valley medical literature. Garlic - ayu. The condition can be corrected by prescribing the patient with Comfrey and Sage, as an herbal tea, or applied externally by a spiritual bath. Many factors and dynamics were involved which influenced the beginnings and the development of this indigenous medicine. They believed that these ratios if used in the sound of music and the architecture of buildings (pyrimids), this would resonate with the life forces of the universe and thus enhance life. Physical and spiritual balance in Yorubic medicine is best described by the concept of “Aba”, or human development. In the herbal context, each require special herbs and foods to bring out the life force energy that bring about their qualities. The approach of Osain herbology would be to determine which of the Orishas are out of alignment. It is the Messenger of the Orisha, Holder of Ashe among the Orisha, and is associated with the colors red, black, and white. human nature. (5) Humans would have to eat two cloves of raw garlic a day to obtain the equivalent amount of allicin given to rats in the study. Aba is a circle in the center which is aligned with the seven Orishas, each of which is represented by smaller circles of the opposite colors of black and white. fermented seeds of Parkia biglobosa, African locust beans in English, Igba/Iyere in Yoruba; Flat Crown – yoruba: ayinre, ayinre isingede, ayinre ogo; Garcinia kola – Bitter kola – Orogbo; Garlic – Allium sativum – ayu; Gossypium barbadense – cotton seed – Owu; Guava – guafa; Heliotropium indicum – scorpion weed – Ogbe ori akuko, Agogo igun Find more Yoruba words at! The union of the Orisha (angelic forces) and Aba, (human development) gave birth to the dual potentiality of the human spirit. For instance, the Oya Orisha is considered the Guardian of the Cemetery. I will also use this term throughout the essay.) Now let’s look at Ayurveda in light of Yorubic herbal principles. For exemple, when a medical Doctor writes a prescription he uses the Egyptian symbol for health(Jupiter) with the symbol for retrograde= Rx This means, “I curse your health in retrograde” = death. (see diagram 5). ... PANDORO as in Yoruba language. The ancient physician/priests of the Nile Valley were said to have been instructed in temples which were called “Per Ankh.” In today’s language they would be called the “House of Life”. The Yoruba language belongs to the Congo-Kordofanian language family. These are only a few illustrations; much of what I find exciting and interesting. elements) is created by harmony and recreates harmony. Oya: Antituesives, demulcents, expectorants, antiphlegmatics. In Yoruba language, almond is known as imumu ofio omu, ofio omu, or simply omu.. 2. They indicated that we must pass through all four aspects, or directions, if we are to be complete and balanced human beings. ", "Even more important, the support and encouragement the Michael and Lesley continue to provide their former students, particularly in relationship to being active in the AHG is excellent. it’s quite different from mint leaves but smell like mint. Make friends, share videos & photos, record pronunciations and listen to the meaning of words in Nigerian languages and English. There is documentation that the ancient Egyptians recognized and used the therapeutic power of light as long as 6,000 years ago. The same combination of vowels and consonants has different meanings depending on the pitch of the vowels (whether they are pronounced with a high voice or a low voice). If the universal energy is One, then the foundation on which the four energies rest is Universal Energy. This coincides with the Chinese belief that the universe is forever changing through Yin and Yang. Effirin in Yoruba ocimum gratissimum or clove basil. The only complete healing for a ailment must include a change of “consciousness” (Ori) where the individual recognizes the root cause and does not wish, or feel compelled to violate its pain. It’s season is winter. The population can usually obtain herbs either by private practice or from the marketplace in town. My goal was to add to the tremendous work Dr. Tierra laid out in integrating Eastern and Western philosophies and the principles of Chinese, Japanese, Ayurvedic, and North American Indian herbal medicine. Shango Orisha represents the fire element and is hot and dry in nature. The “ajogun” are the “demonic” beings. In the Yorubic system, the four elements became: Shango (the fire element), Oya (the air element), Yemoja (the water element), and Elegba (the Ashe, or earth element). These elements could be mixed in more ways than one, and the various mixtures gave rise to different temperaments and “humours”. Yorubic medicine has its roots in the Ifa Corpus, a religious text revealed by the mystic prophet, Orunmila, over 4,000 years ago in the ancient city of Ile-Ife, now known as Yorubaland. Egyptian healers reportedly crushed a plant similar to present day parsley and rubbed the affected areas with the crushed leaves. It was through the Ashe (Nature) that matter and forces of creation evolved from. Thus, Osain is a divine journey to the inner self which encompasses all aspects of life. This formula consisted of acacia spikes, honey and dates, which were mixed in a specific ratio, and inserted into the vagina. it involves practices by which human beings hoped to be able to understand and control the forces of the universe. Since beetroot is not a very common vegetable in Nigeria, there is no widely known Yoruba term for beetroot – this … The One Source was the First Cause or Creator, the necessary Being in whom essence and existence were one. Under the Yoruba system, the major meridians are the 7 Orishas. When this gigantic work is completed, I believe the evidence will reveal information that will amaze humanity. The Yorubas believed that the Orishas of the celestial world were emanations of Oludumare (The One Source) who conceived the universe by a series of emanations, and in this way it is possible to reconcile the unity of God with multiplicity. She is the amniotic fluid in the womb of the pregnant woman, as well as, the breasts which nurture. A Vaidya (Ayurveda doctor) seeks to achieve health throuhh the balancing of the three doshas. Yemoja Orisha, the Mother of Waters, is said to contain her powers in Lakes, and oceans (salt water). There are 12 major meridians, or pathways, for qi, and each is associated with a major vital organ or vital function. Reply. The key point, in respect to the evolution of Yoruba medicine, is that Egyptian knowledge, coupled with the earlier Nok people, produced the outcome of Yoruba herbal practices. Western medicine tries to cure the body from curing (cleansing) itself with a cure (drugs) and/or surgical mutilations. They also calculated the ratios of the human body. Yoruba name for beetroot. Ayurveda uses the Panchakarma for purification and removal of toxins in the body. Closely following the Hill, the God (Atum) also emerged from the waters and set upon Ptah…out of the primeval chaos contained 10 principles: 4 pairs of opposite principles, together with two other gods: Ptah, Mind, Thought, and Creative utterance. Garlic Lime Shea butter Water or Soda water How to prepare it Get some quality of ginger and some quality of garlic, cut 10 pieces of lime into halves and soak all inside one litre of soda water or ordinary water. A little more to the taste of Africans was the religious precept to use the spiritual bath; here again a hygienic and spiritual measure, highly desirable in Osain medicine, clothed in a religious form to expel the evil spirits that might have entered the body. It is suspected that the Eighteenth Dynasty scribe who was responsible for copying the original text only wrote the first 48 cases dealing with the upper third of the body. When a person gets overloaded with waste, toxins from constipating junk foods, drugs, alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, sodas, fried foods, bleach white flour, enriched flour, white rice, dairy products, cooked pig and blood in meat, salt, white suger, incorrect food combinations (i.e. Because of the wide-spread practice of Osain in the New World, Nigerians and people from other African countries have begun to set up herbal businesses in increasing numbers. Cayenne pepper is referred to Ata gun gun in the Yoruba language. More and more indigenous herbs are now being made accessible to devotees here in the Americas. The word “Osain” means “the divine Orisha of plants”. African spinach (green) is Efo Tete not just Efo.Efo is the general yoruba name for all leaft veg. is a social media network for Nigerian Languages and Culture, where you can post, discover and share Nigerian videos, pictures, words, pronunciations & translations in Nigerian Languages (currently Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin, Yoruba) There was a tendency of Egyptian physician and priest to associate magic with medicine. Its direction is West. Helps to enhance the power of herbs. Table 4: Color, Number, and Natural Environment, Places struck by lightning, base of trees, Cemetary, places hit by Hurricanes, Storms. Early in its history and its development, Nile Valley civilization created a basic way of life that attracted teachers, and priests from other parts of Africa, always enriching the original composite composition of the Nile Valley. They really challenged me to apply and think about what I have been learning. Herodotus, the Jewish historian reports that the Egyptians, “purge themselves every month, three days successively, seeking to preserve health by emetics and enemas; for they suppose that all diseases to which men are subject proceed from the food they use.”. Herbs are picked for medicinal, and the spiritual powers they possess. This was created by Oludumare for a divine purpose. The theoretical equivalent of Yin and Yang in Yoruba is represented by Oshun (the divinity of feminine essence), and Shango (the divinity of virility, and masculinity). Say something and translate it into Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin or Yoruba. This “contact” with the inherent force involves a tri-lateral process which includes: By enhancing the ashe in the human form, the spiritual channels are increased in power in order to allow the internal Orishas to gain leverage over the oppressive negative forces which are upsetting the balance of the body. ... Chewing parsley leaves can drastically reduce the smell of garlic breath. Disease was considered to them as possession by evil devils, and was to be treated with incantations along with the roots of certain plants and mystical concoctions. This ancient text, the Ifa Corpus, is the foundation for the art of divine herbology. ", "What drew me to East - West was the uniqueness of the course. When looking at Nile Valley Egypt and its contributions to natural and herbal medicine, it must be understood that we are not just talking about Egypt alone. Furthermore, herbs are categorized. The seven major Orisha are examined in table one. owambe saturday  This would include the Sudan, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Mali, Libya, and dozens of other African nations. The Obatala Orisha is responsible for white fluids of the body which is located in the throat region of Orisha/Obatala (also known in Yaga as the 5th Chakra, see diagram 3). These similarities in names can hardly be coincidental: Ayurveda holds that the body is governed by three basic biological principles, or doshas, that control the body’s functions. What is left is the negative image of primitive “voo doo” witch-doctors. Efo igbo, efo tete efo yanrin, ego shoko etc. For example, under the Yoruba system, someone suffering from guilt can bring on a multitude of evil spirits, or illnesses, The Elegba Orisha, is the primary negotiator between negative and positive forces in the body. The Orishas are said to concentrate their spiritual energies in particular directions just as the internal Orishas reside in different parts of the body. In other words, if the universal center is the source of all great herbal inspirations, then these four directional energies are the vehicles through which the inspiration becomes manifest. by the “Yoruba people”, between 2000 and 500 B.C. Many Westerners take it for granted that “African medicine” is a vague term for a collection of medical “voo doo”. The Egyptian principles of magic and medicine. It is merely a basis to establish the integration of African Medicine into the family of Planetary herbology. Orunmila saw that dual levels of potentiality existed in the human body. In the body, the Erinle-Orisha can be understood in terms of metabolic energy which activates, or stimulates the other Orisha. Tempest, Guardian of the Cemetery, Winds of Change, Storms, Progression, she is usually in the company of her counterpart Shango, she is the deity of rebirth as things must die so that new beginnings arise. (see diagram 4) It is the job of the African healer to bring the internal Orishas into alignment. 1. Its direction is south. From this standpoint, the Orisha assist in the development of (iwa-pele) or balanced character. They are considered opposites masculine and feminine, heavenly and earthly. Whenever we listen to our bodies, it moves to provide us with the training and the appropriate knowledge that we need to regain our balance. When the Europeans came into Africa and saw the African dancing in a frenzy with their bodies covered in ashe, they did not understand or comprehend, so they labeled it primitive, savage and backward. The Oloogun (priest) may prescribe the patient various herbal combinations to be included in a spiritual bath to cleanse the person of negative influences which have impacted upon their aura essence. á¹¢akí or shaki — word for tripe in the Yoruba language of Nigeria, á¹£akí is often included in various stews, along with other meat. To them, magic and healing was “applied religion”. To understand the application of Osain herbology, lets’s take as an example a person suffering from a bronchial-pulmonary condition including cough, and spitting of white mucus. ", Michelle Collins, Clinical Herbalist, RH (AHG), MPH (East West School Graduate), East West Clinical Herbalist (EWCH) Program, Professional Herbalist Course Payment Plan, 2021 Seminar Online Foundation Track, April 23-30, 2021, 2021 Intermediate Track Online Seminar, April 23-30, 2021, 2021 Advanced Track Online Seminar, April 23-30, 2021, Obtaining an Herbalist Certification or Herbalist Degree, Online Herbal Seminar: 2021 Seminar Registration, Cancer – Its causes, symptoms and treatment (book), The Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts by Baba Ifa Karade (Samuel Weiser, Inc.; York Beech, Maine; 1994), p. l, Michael Omoleya, Certificate History of Nigeria (London & Lagos: Longman Group, 1986), p. 15, Cheikh Anta Diop, Precolonial Black Africa (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, co-published with Lawrence Hill, 1992), p. 216, Stolen Legacy by George James (Julian Richardson Assoc. Note the startling resemblance between the linguistic terminology of Yoruba and Ayurveda, very often the same sounding words, meanings, and similar spellings. East Indian medicine was born in a meeting of the Black Dalilia (the Black Untouchables) and Indo-Europeans. Creator of Human Form, White purity, Cures illness and deformities. All the names of herbs and plants in yoruba language. This is the translation of the word "swan" to over 100 other languages. Yoruba language, one of a small group of languages that comprise the Yoruboid cluster of the Defoid subbranch of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Some may argue that there is a fine line between “medicine” and “superstition” in the rituals of Yorubic healing arts. All that is in the universe emanated from the same source, one universal Mind. BritBritBrow, You now following Table 3 below shows herbal directives. This is essential in Yoruba medicine in order to bring one’s nature back in contact with the inherent force of all creation. The four directional energies that correspond perfectly with the wisdom of the Native Americans were: 1) Oshun; 2) Ogun; 3) Elegba; and 4) Obatala. As in Western and Chinese herbology, the Yoruba system incorporates environmental and emotional states. They hadn’t made the connection between the Creator, spirits and their manifestation in nature as the African had done. So the Western doctor, by removing the discomfort through drugs, has temporarily taken away the motivation (iwa-pele) for their patient to look for the true healing. I have not walked into a health food store or met an herbalist who wasn't familiar with Michael Tierra. They provide examples of the ewe based on the presiding Orisha correspondence. Soro soke werey In a chapter titled “Lasers in Medicine”, the author, Rodney Perkins, M.D., suggests that a form of laser therapy was actually used in Egypt. Donegal (Ulster, Northern Irish) There is also some evidence that the Irish spoken in urban areas and that spoken in Gaeltacht by an older population are becoming progressively more distinct. As one can see, we have a useful system of categorization which applies to all levels of disease and treatment. Peppermint leaves are close to the normal effirin but very different. Japanese medicine was born in a meeting with Chinese culture, and Western herbology sprang from a meeting of the ancient Greek and Egyptian priests. Constructively using spiritual archetypes allows man to energize and intensify life to a surprising degree. physicians in Egypt had already created an effective organic chemical contraceptive. Yoruba / ˈ j ɒr ʊ b ə / (Yor. Yoruba has many dialects, but its speakers can all understand each other. Although Yorubic medicine has been practiced in Africa for over 4,000 years, its fundamental principles are little known to Westerners around the world. This can be an illuminating process. Here the Oloogun or priests, as well as devotees alike gather herbs for medicine, baths, and religious artifacts. Their forced migration is the explanation of the spread of these traditional (and religious) crafts detailed below. Eba, also called garri, is a very thick paste that is either rolled into balls or … The Yoruba are an ethnic group of 40-million people in both Nigeria and Benin, comprising Yorubaland. The influence of Egyptian medicine was so great on European culture that even to this day Egyptian concepts still have its signature in modern Western medicine. Please I’m still searching for the local name of Jujube leaves in Yoruba as I’m not familiar with the picture I saw on google. Through the guidance of Orunmila, the principles of Yoruba Cosmology evolved: “The Self-Existent Being (Oludumare), or the One Source, who is believed to be responsible for creation and maintenance of heaven and earth, of man and women, and who also brought into being divinities and spirits (Orisha) who are believed to be his functionaries as intermediaries between mankind and the Self-Existent Being (Oludumare).”6. Physically, the negative disposition can cause chronic digestion problems, and a weakening of the immune system. people all are related. The ancestors of these people were the main victims of the transatlantic slave trade. posted a word it made sourcing for it more easy for me. It is interesting to note that just as Yin represents the quality of cool and Yang the quality of hot, Oshun represents the power to heal with cool water, and Shango is represented by fire (heat). (English), chineloneche Dosage: 2shot 3times daily Yoruba:Arunmolekun/ Lakuregbe Eroja/Ohun Elo; Atale Aayu Osan wewe Ori Omi Bi a o se se Its direction is East. Exposure to the sun’s radiation produced a severe form of sunburn only in the treated areas. Oya Orisha represents the wind, or air element and is hot and wet in nature. This “bringing about” is a dual endeavor as the herbalist need follow certain guidelines and practices to efficaciously heal or correct imbalance of physical health. From this example, one can get an idea of the wholistic treatment approach of Osain Herbology. This is achieved through herbs, spiritual baths, right living, diet, rituals, and self-development which are meant to maintain a healthy and happy life. Upon close study, it becomes evident that the Orisha modes correspond very easily to the Chinese concept of qi. Although the range of laser radiation extends both below and above the visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, that radiation is, in a sense, only a special form of light. This would include herbs, spiritual baths, symbolic sacrifice, song, dance, ani prayer, as well as a change of diet. Among the people, amulets and charms mere more popular than pills as preventive or curatives of disease. A cold for instance, could be exorcised by such magic words as: “Depart, cold, son of a cold, thou who breakest the bones, destroyest the skull, makest ill the seven openings of the head!…Go out on the floor, stink, stink, stink!” In many ways, this provided an effective cure, known today by various contemporary medicine as psychosomatic.

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