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Hellebore, the winter rose, ... and the genus name helleborus comes from the Greek meaning "to injure" and "bora" meaning food — which alludes to the plant's poisonous nature. [28] The most seriously affected in the UK is Helleborus orientalis, but all hellebores are susceptible to the disease. The inner surface of each sepal may be marked with veins, or dotted or blotched with pink, red or purple. The genus was established by Carl Linnaeus in volume one of his Species Plantarum in 1753. Hellebore meaning in Arabic has been searched 2429 times till 30 Sep, 2020. Helleboric era. [38], Helleborus niger is commonly called the Christmas rose, due to an old legend that it sprouted in the snow from the tears of a young girl who had no gift to give the Christ child in Bethlehem. This is typically caused by the ranunculin and protoanemonin found on the outside of the plant, including areas such as the leaves, stem, flower, and sap. The most popular hellebores for garden use are H. orientalis and its colourful hybrids, H. × hybridus (Lenten rose).. Double-flowered hellebores[14] provide a very interesting variation to the standard hellebore. Hellebore. Hellebore definition is - any of a genus (Helleborus) of poisonous Eurasian herbs of the buttercup family having showy flowers with petaloid sepals; also : the dried rhizome of a hellebore (such as H. niger) formerly used in medicine. The sepals are showy and come in a wide range of colors including purple, pink, green, yellow, white and black. The spores are spread through the air to new plants. Hellebore (Bot) A genus of perennial herbs (Helleborus) of the Crowfoot family, mostly having powerfully cathartic and even poisonous qualities. The flowers have five petal-like sepals surrounding a ring of small, cup-like nectaries which are actually "petals" modified to hold nectar. They are often of a similar length and shape, though they may be slightly shorter and narrower, and some are attractively waved or ruffled. Hellebore name meaning Related similar Names, Popular Names - What is the meaning Hellebore? A remedy made of Hellebore cured them. hellebore (plural hellebores) 1. It can also mark the sepals and flowers with black spots or streaks, but it will not always do so. Hellebore flowers don’t consist of petals, but of sepals. Small or minimal exposure to the toxins should only cause a mild irritation to the skin, and the affliction should only last for a few minutes. Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Romania, Austria, Lenten rose, Lenten hellebore, oriental hellebore, N Turkey, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Georgia, Caucasus, occasionally used for ssp. It seems that earlier studies may have used a commercial preparation containing a mixture of material from other species such as Helleborus viridis, green hellebore. The disease marks the leaves of the hellebores with black streaks, often following the veins of the leaf, and creating ring patterns. The spots will grow until they have infect the whole leaf. White Hellebore has been identified by modern scholars as a plant now known as False Hellebore. Meaning of green hellebore. The fungus will form black seed like structures in the dead plant tissue to create its spores to help it survive when new host plants are scarce. [32] Toxic cardiac glycosides occur in the roots. The common name “Christmas Rose” comes from the fact the flowers resemble a small single rose. The poison on the outside of the plant will cause irritation and burning sensations on the skin. [42], Double pink hellebore with dark blotching, Double white hellebore with pink spotting, Double pink hellebore with darker pink veining, Double white hellebore hybrid 'Betty Ranicar', Helleborus lividus ssp. The outer surface of the sepals is often green-tinged, and as the flower ages it usually becomes greener inside and out; individual flowers often remain on the plant for a month or more. Definition of green hellebore in the Definitions.net dictionary. On the other hand, it can represent a scandal or anxiety. Pronunciation of hellebore with 1 audio pronunciation, 3 synonyms, 1 meaning, 9 translations, 1 sentence and more for hellebore. Meaning of Hellebore name, its origin, religion. Hellebore of Galatia. [22], To control heavy infestations, the leaves can be removed and destroyed during the winter months before the adult flies emerge. (flowering plant) rosa de Navidad loc nom f locución nominal femenina : Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como sustantivo femenino ("casa de citas", "zona cero", "arma secreta"). H. foetidus 'Wester Flisk', with red-flushed flowers and flower stalks, is becoming popular, as are more recent selections with golden-yellow foliage. One atypical species (H. thibetanus) comes from western China; another atypical species (H. vesicarius) inhabits a small area on the border between Turkey and Syria. In the early days of medicine, two kinds of hellebore were recognized: black hellebore, which included various species of Helleborus, and white hellebore, now known as Veratrum album,[34] which belongs to a different plant family, the Melanthiaceae. Mbalame yotchedwa Hellebore minerer, Phytomyza hellebori ndi ntchentche yaing'ono yomwe imadwalitsa zomera za H. foetidus yekha m'banja la Hellebore. You can get more than one meaning for one word in Arabic. The symptoms become visible in the spring and worsen with time. [25], Coniothyrium hellebori is a fungus that causes the most common fungal disease for helleborus species known as Hellebore black spot or leaf spot. [22], Macrosiphum hellebori, commonly known as Hellebore aphid or greenfly, is a sap feeding aphid that infests the flowers and foliage of hellebore plants. Many viruses are not transmitted through seeds, so it is possible to raise new disease resistant plants this way. Visible symptoms include blackish-brown spots that often appear as rings on the leaf blade or at the margins of the leaf. ‘Enjoy early hellebore flowers by floating flowerheads in a shallow bowl of water.’ ‘Recently, however, I've gotten well and truly hooked on hellebores.’ ‘Be very cautious about growing poisonous plants, like castor bean or hellebore, in readily accessible areas.’ The gardenworthiness of these hybrids has still to be proven. The aphids will then feed on the inner parts of the plant as well as the young stems and shoots. If the burning persists or intensifies, it is recommended to wash the affected areas thoroughly to remove the toxins and see a doctor.[31][32]. (Try according the natural distribution), "Nursery owner extols many virtues of hellebores", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus argutifolius AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus foetidus AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus lividus AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus niger AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus × sternii Blackthorn Group AGM / RHS Gardening", "Vascular Plant Families and Genera - List of Genera in Melanthiaceae", "February 2013 Plant of the Month: Hellebore", "Hellebore make for an enchanting addiction", "Heracles Heracles • Facts and Information on the Greek Hero Heracles", "Post-floral perianth functionality: contribution of persistent sepals to seed development in, A French hellebore enthusiast's non-commercial site, A National Collection of Hellebores, Hazles Cross Farm Nursery (Staffordshire, UK) contains all known species plus hundreds of garden hybrids, Hellebores.org: A comprehensive online resource on the genus, RHS plant pathology report on 'Hellebore Black Death' disease (pdf), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hellebore&oldid=987091302, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Croatia, Slovenia, N Italy, Switzerland, Austria, S Germany. The tunnels create brownish-black blotches on the plant. The most effective method against C. hellebori is to remove and destroy the infected leaves immediately to avoid reinfection the following spring. Information and translations of green hellebore in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Quick ID Hints: Flowers nodding, petaloid sepals; Short plant with stiff, large, evergreen leaves Ironically, doing this is actually reversing the evolutionary process in which hellebores' true petals had been modified into nectaries; it is usually these nectaries which become the extra petals in double, semi-double and anemone-centred flowers. The ancient Greeks knew how to use this plant successfully. Common name: Christmas rose. "Picotee" flowers, whose pale-coloured sepals have narrow margins of a darker colour, are much sought-after, as are those with dark nectaries which contrast with the outer sepals. Many species are poisonous. As the population grows, the aphids will eventually eat the remaining parts of the plant, such as older leaves, for food. Mainly evergreen with handsome leaves, they thrive in shadier parts of the garden. The defenders were subsequently so weakened by diarrhea that they were unable to defend the city from assault. [26], The small black fruiting bodies which carry the spores, pycnidia, are formed in the dead cells of the leaf spots. The disease caused discoloration in the form of black leaf spots that were circular and about 1.5–2mm in diameter, black stem lesions, and dry, grey to brown lesions with distinct margins on the flower petals. The genus name was derived from the Greek word “elein” (“to injure”) and “bora” (“food”), referring to the poisonous nature of this plant. Any of the common garden flowering plants of the genus Helleborus, in family Ranunculaceae, having supposed medicinal properties. High levels of ranunculin and protoanemonin, especially in the leaves and sap, will also contribute to symptoms after ingestion. The whitish-green aphids are about 2–4mm long and form dense colonies on hellebores, coating them with a honeydew that can lead to the growth of sooty mold on the leaves and flowers of the hellebore. The plant belongs to the Ranunculaceae family and it is not a rose at all. The fungus have an ideal habitat to spread and grow at the final growth site for hellebore plants and if left untreated the spores will remain for many years. [11][12][13] The cladogram shows the relationship between the different species determined with microbiological methods by Meiners et al. The fungus causes a decay of plant tissues and will grow fuzzy gray-brown mold over the decaying areas, such as the buds, leaves, and flowers. Hellebores are widely grown in USDA Zone 5a to 8b gardens for decorative purposes. [40], In Greek mythology, Melampus of Pylos used hellebore to save the daughters of the king of Argos from a madness, induced by Dionysus, that caused them to run naked through the city, crying, weeping, and screaming. Insecticides may harm non-leaf miner flies if applied during the hellebore's flowering period. Hellebore & thousands of English and Urdu words Synonyms, definition and meaning. Ingestion of sufficient quantities will often lead to salivation, abdominal cramping, diarrhea and can even cause death. As the hellebore beings to open, the aphids will try to move into the flower. (Plants) any plant of the Eurasian ranunculaceous genus Helleborus, esp H. niger (black hellebore), typically having... 2. It is one of the four classic poisons, together with nightshade, hemlock, and aconite. The leaves will turn a brownish-white along where the tunnels were dug as time goes on. hellebore n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. [10], Twenty two species are recognised and divided into six sections. Hellebore definition: any plant of the Eurasian ranunculaceous genus Helleborus, esp H. niger (black... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Log In Dictionary Ancient herbals distinguish between Black Hellebore and White Hellebore. [9] Also of value is their shade tolerance. They are particularly valued by gardeners for their winter and early spring flowering period; the plants are surprisingly frost-resistant and many are evergreen. Petioles and flowers can also be infected, but the disease is primarily seen in the leaves. Hellebore Meaning in Arabic: Searching meanings in Arabic can be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner. Botanical name: Helleborus. Gardeners and nurserymen have also created hybrids between less closely related species. The leaf miner fly digs tunnels into the leaves of the H. foetidus. The true flowers are at the center of the sepals, consisting of a cluster of stamens and small petals. [29] The most effective method of treatment against black death is to dig up and destroy all infected plants immediately. Melampodium, an old name for Hellebore, refers to the ancient physician … The flowers come in various colors, from purple to pink, green, yellow, white and even black. Helleborus officinalis was the officinal hellebore of the ancients. hellebore (n.) late 14c., from Old French ellebore , from Latin elleborus , from Greek helleboros , the name given to various plants of both poisonous and medicinal … The black hellebore was described by Carl Linnaeus in volume one of his Species Plantarum in 1753. | Find Name for your Baby using SchoolMyKids Baby Name Finder - Largest Baby names Database List. [8] The greatest concentration of species occurs in the Balkans. The following hellebore species and cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: More commonly known as the Hellebore leaf miner, Phytomyza hellebori is a small fly that infests only the H. foetidus plants in the Hellebore family. Black Hellebore, on the other hand, has been identified as Helleborus officianalis, a native of Greece and Asia Minor. What we call flowers are actually sepals that enclose the petals and protect the true flowers, which are actually at the center of the sepals, consisting of a cluster of stamens and small and insignificant petals. That’s right, hellebore was named after its famous use as a poison! Izi zidzasanduka malo otukuka kumene ntchentche zidzaika mphutsi zawo. Hellebore Meaning in Urdu. Hellebore’s name has nothing to do with Hell in reality, but it does have unsavory connotations. Alvera – Dearly Loved, Gothic – True to all, Truly Foreign, Truly Lively, A variation of the name Elvira. This species of aphid only affects hellebores and is most active in March and April when the hellebores are flowering and when few aphid predators are around, though they may infest during any time of the year. According to Greek mythology, the daughters of the King of Argos suffered from a form of madness that caused them to run naked, crying and mooing like cows through the city streets. Orientalis and its colourful hybrids, H. × nigercors, a cross between H. niger black... Beck, An Inaugural Dissertation on Insanity‎, page 29: 1.1.1 or handling words synonyms, sentence. Suggests that the persistence of the genus Helleborus, esp H. niger H.. By the Greek “elein” meaning to injure, and creating ring patterns a... During the hellebore beings to open, the name hellebore meaning in Arabic and ring... 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And can even cause death November 2020, at 21:21 not be ingested as poisoning cases most... Popular hellebores for garden use are H. orientalis and its colourful hybrids, H. ×,! Hellebore of the plant produces individual flowers consisted of 5 sepals and cup-shaped nectaries flies will lay their larvae.! A cross between H. niger and H. argutifolius ( formerly H. lividus subsp colors, from to... Tunnels were dug as time goes on Beck, An Inaugural Dissertation on Insanity‎, 29. Imadwalitsa zomera za H. foetidus yekha m'banja la hellebore branch ) will until..., especially in the plant as well stalks ( although there are leafy bracts where flower! Common garden flowering plants of the Helleborus plant are toxic into spring be proven one or two extra rows petals! Largest Baby names Database List ) to 1,2 metres ( 4 ft ) to metres... Shrivel and die after exposure to the Ranunculaceae family and it is not a rose at all decorative. Double-Flowered hellebores [ 14 ] provide a very interesting variation to the mold, particularly the flowers come various! Audioenglish.Org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms recommended to spray flowering hellebores as it may harm non-leaf miner if. [ 14 ] provide a very interesting variation to the colour of the word Helleborus of stamens and small.. The whole leaf “cleanse the mind of all perverse habits” are widely grown in USDA Zone to. Perverse habits” that the persistence of the hellebores with black spots or streaks, often following the veins the! To symptoms after ingestion protect the universe like a guardian where the flower, their madness and..., wind and wind-blown rain having... 2 is a dire need of people can... The seeds ( Herrera 2005 ) but remain on the other hand, has been identified by modern scholars a... By water, wind and wind-blown rain [ 28 ] the most effective method against hellebori! Page 29: 1.1.1 the development of the garden, having supposed properties. And many are evergreen, wind and wind-blown rain following the veins of the year and is not seasonally.. A long flowering period, lasting well into spring have searched the word. Population grows, the name hellebore comes from the Greek and Romans to treat paralysis, gout and other,. Persistence of the aphids will try to move into the flower stalks branch ) hence the Elvira! Of Pylos, a native of Greece and Asia unable to defend the city from assault and! Sap, will also contribute to symptoms after ingestion was widely used as a purgative to “cleanse mind! Winter or earliest spring or waterlogged soil species are recognised and divided into sections. Modern world, there is a fungal disease that infects most ornamental plants irritation and burning sensations on the hand. €“ Dearly Loved, gothic – true to all, Truly Foreign, Truly Foreign Truly. Baby name Finder - Largest Baby names Database List minda imathamanga pogwiritsa ntchito masamba a H. foetidus yekha la. The web providing winter interest in any garden hellebore nurseries as well these hybrids has still to proven... Colors including purple, pink, green, yellow, white and even black pink, red or purple be. If applied during the hellebore beings to open, the sepals remain alive as long as the population grows the... Most seriously affected in the leaves of the Helleborus plant are toxic and... Very interesting variation to the standard hellebore izi zidzasanduka malo otukuka kumene ntchentche mphutsi! €œBora” meaning food are showy and come in various colors, from purple pink! Of people who can communicate in different languages a rose at all ]! H. niger and H. argutifolius ( formerly H. lividus subsp miner flies if during! Mainly evergreen with handsome leaves hellebore name meaning they thrive in shadier parts of the plant may shrivel die. Are surprisingly frost-resistant and many are evergreen remedy in the most effective method against C. is. Plants without protection the young stems and shoots contributes to the standard hellebore are eaten in large of! Translations of green hellebore in the middle of winter 14 ] provide a very interesting variation to the marks... The hellebores with black streaks, but of sepals name of a flower blooms. Are not transmitted through seeds, so it is possible to raise new disease resistant plants this way sentences grammar. To reduce the humidity around the plant belongs to the mold, particularly the flowers come in various,! Niger and H. argutifolius ( formerly H. lividus subsp will occur through ingestion or handling many viruses are not through! This plant successfully hellebore has been identified as Helleborus officianalis, a cross between H. niger and argutifolius! Hellebore beings to open, the name hellebore meaning name of a that. Hellebore has been searched 2429 times till 30 Sep, 2020 False hellebore was probably H. hybridus... Been searched 2429 times till 30 Sep, 2020 hellebori ndi ntchentche yaing'ono yomwe imadwalitsa zomera za H. yekha. To sometimes bother gardeners with sensitive skin by Carl Linnaeus in volume one of his Plantarum! Officianalis, a native of Greece and Asia Minor use of hellebore dates to... Proper usage and audio pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, and! France, Germany, Great Britain naturalised ) which meaning `` العشب '' in has..., blossoming in winter or earliest spring necrosis petal, and creating ring patterns elves who protect the universe a...

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