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An estimated 20,000 people died in the conflict before a peace agreement was signed in 2001. A peace agreement resulted in the creation of the Autonomous Bougainville Government. Bougainville Revolutionary Army leader Francis Ona, barefoot and wearing a bush hat, in 1994 during the decade-long civil war in the archipelago. The bulk of its quarter of a million people reside on the main Bougainville Island, which is roughly the size of Jamaica. Supported by: The Bougainville Civil War, also known as the Bougainville Conflict or simply as The Crisis, was an armed conflict fought between Papua New Guinea and the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), who were fighting for independence. The Panguna mine caused disputes which in 1988 erupted into a long civil war in the region, killing 20,000. Many historians believe that slavery was the main controversy that sparked the historical conflict. Dubliner Bertie played a central role in Bougainville’s bid to become the world’s newest country after being appointed chairman in October 2018. For the past year one of the world's biggest mines located on Bougainville island has produced no copper and gold due to sabotage by village landowners. Bougainville is a group of semi-autonomous islands that is part of Papua New Guinea. However, the BIG leaders boycotted the conference, claiming that their safety could not be guaranteed. As part of the Bougainville Peace Agreement the region was promised an independence referendum to be held at the latest by June 2020. Many felt mining profits were not being shared fairly between Papua New Guinea and Bougainville, or even between different landowner groups at the mine site. Tragically, it is as the site of devastating civil conflict that Bougainville is perhaps best known. It had promised much but delivered very little for the local people. The Bougainville Crisis refers to a civil war that occurred between 1988 and 1997 in the North Solomons Province of Papua New Guinea (PNG), now known as the Autonomous Region of Bougainville. However, the national discussion about state’s rights and territorial expansion were also the straws that broke the camel’s back. Nor did that “new” evidence provided by the SBS program substantiate any claims that CRA could be held responsible for the later tragic events arising from the civil war in Bougainville. PAPUA New Guinea's Prime Minister, Sir Michael Somare, has accused Australian mining giant Rio Tinto and its subsidiary Bougainville Copper Limited (BCL) of being behind the PNG military's bloody suppression of Bougainville rebels opposed to the company's … Photo: The Bougainvillean. Territorial changes. Rio Tinto caused Bougainville war: Somare Get link; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email; Other Apps ; June 26, 2011 Brian Thomson . Revenue from the mine proved mouth-watering for the … However, this government was suspended after facing opposition from both the BIA/BRA and BTG. B This article has been rated as B-Class on the project's quality scale. Bougainville enjoys a special status as the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, which was earned through tremendous efforts and a civil war that lasted an entire decade, from 1988 to 1998, and killed at least 15,000 people. Bougainville, a mineral-rich and lush group of islands in the South Pacific, has developed little since a decade-long civil war that claimed as many as 20,000 lives came to an end in 1998. Fijiball. Rapprochment between Kauona and Momis led to an agreement in which the two bodies would act in consultation. EX-TAOISEACH Bertie Ahern has declared a landslide referendum vote backing Bougainville's independence from Papua New Guinea. 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